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值得期待的10大建筑技术

来源:中国混凝土网作者:系统管理员发布时间:2016年07月07日阅读量:

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  ZUIZAOQIDERENLEIJUSUOYOUTAIYANGXIAKAOGANDENIHEDAOCAOZUOCHENGDEZHUANJIANZAODE。ERZUIZAOYONGHUNNINGTUDESHIGULUOMAREN,TAMENBASHIHUIHEHUOSHANYANHUNHEJIANZAOCHUWANSHENDIANZHEIYANGWEIEZHUANGGUANDEJIANZHU。WANSHENDIANZHIJINDOUYOUSHIJIESHANGZUIDADEWUJINHUNNINGTUYUANDING。

  ZAIGUOQUDEJIGESHIJILI,GONGCHENGSHIHEJIANZHUSHIMENYIZHIGEXINCAILIAOCAIYONGRUGANGLIANG、KANGZHENDIJIHEBOLIMUQIANGDENGCAILIAOTUICHENCHUXINGOUJIANCHULEGENGGAO、GENGLAOGUHEGENGPIAOLIANGDEZUOPIN。DANJIANZHUJISHUDEWEILAISHISHENME?HUIYOUYITIANHUNNINGTUDIJISHANGDELIEFENGQIJIBANDIZIWOXIUFUMA?JIAYOUZHANHUIBEIZICHONGDIANDEDAOLUSHANGBENPAODEDIANDONGQICHEQUERDAIZHIMA?JIEXIALAIWOMENJIANGLIECHUZAIBUJIUDEJIANGLAIHUIZHENFENRENXINDESHIXIANGJIANZHUCHUANGXIN,QIZHONGBUFENSHENZHIYIZAIJINTIANYOUSUOYINGYONG。

  10、自修复混凝土   

 

  HUNNINGTUSHISHIJIESHANGZUIGUANGFANSHIYONGDEJIANZHUCAILIAO。SHISHISHANG,TASHISHUIZHIHOUDIQIUSHANGDIERDAXIAOFEIPIN。SHIXIANGYIXIAWOMENMEINIANYOUDUOSHAODEHUNNINGTUZHUZHAI、BANGONGLOU、JIAOTANGHEQIAOLIANGJIANCHENGYA。HUNNINGTUYOULIANJIAHEGUANGFANSHIYINGXINGDENGYOUDIAN,DANYERONGYIKAILIE,ZAIJIREHEJILENGHUANJINGXIAKANGYAXINGNENGHUIEHUA。

  GUOQUXIUFUYOULIEFENGDEHUNNINGTUDEWEIYITUJINGJIUSHIXIUBUTA、JIAQIANGTA,HUOZHEBATAQIAOXIALAICONGTOUKAISHI。DANYIHOUJIANGBUXUZAIZHEIYANGLE。2010NIAN,LUODEDAODAXUEDEYANJIUSHENGHEHUAXUEGONGCHENGJIAOSHOUCHUANGJIANLEYIZHONGXINXING“ZHINENG”HUNNINGTU,KEYI“ZHINENG”XIUFUZISHENDELIEFENG。ZHEISHIYINWEIHUNNINGTUHUNHEWUZHONGQIANRULEWEIXINGSHUIBOLIJIAONANG。DANGLIEWENCHANSHENGSHI,JIAONANGPOLIEBINGSHIFANGYIZHONGNINGJIAOZHUANGYUHEJI,BIANYINGTIANBUKONGXI,SHIXIANZIWOXIUFU。

  ZHEIBUSHIZIXIUFUHUNNINGTUDEWEIYIXIUFUFANGFA。QITAYANJIURENYUANLIYONGXIJUNHUOQIANRUBOLIMAOXIGUANHUOJUHEWUWEIJIAONANGDADAOLEISIDEXIAOGUO。RANER,LUODEDAODAXUEDEYANJIURENYUANRENWEITAMENDEFANGFASHIZUIHUASUANDE。

  YANZHANGHUNNINGTUDESHOUMINGNENGDAILAIJUDADEHUANJINGXIAOYI。MUQIANSHIJIEFANWEINEIDEHUNNINGTUSHENGCHANZHANQUANQIUERYANGHUATANPAIFANGDE5%。ZHINENGHUNNINGTUBUJINHUISHIWOMENDEJIEGOUGENGANQUAN,YEKEYIJIANSHAOWENSHIQITIDEPAIFANG。   

  9、碳纳米管   

 

  TANNAMIGUANJUYOUBIDIQIUSHANGQITARENHECAILIAODOUGAODEBIQIANGDU,KEYILASHENCHAOGUOHOUDUDEYIBAIWANBEI。YINAMIZHIYOUYIMIDESHIYIFENZHIYI,ZHEISHIWEIHUQIWEIDEXIAO。YIZHANGZHIDEHOUDUSHI100000nm。RENDEZHIJIADESHENGZHANGSUDUDAYUE1nmMEIMIAO。JISHIRENDEDNALIANYEZHISHI2.5nmKUAN。ZHEIYANGKANLAIGOUZAO“NAMI”JIDECAILIAOSIHUSHIBUKENENGDE。DANKEXUEJIAHEGONGCHENGSHITONGGUOSHIYONGDIANZISHUGUANGKEJISHUDENGJIANDUANJISHU,YIJINGCHENGGONGDECHUANGZAOCHUBIHOUZHIYOU1nmDETANNAMIGUAN。

  DANGDADELIZIBIANXIAOSHI,QIBIBIAOMIANJIZAIBUDUANZENGJIA。TANNAMIGUANDEZHILIANGZHIQINGHEQIANGDUZHIGAO,SHITAMENKEYIQIANRUDAOQITAJINSHU、HUNNINGTU、MUCAIHEBOLIDENGJIANZHUCAILIAOZHONGLAIZENGJIACAILIAOMIDUHEKANGLAQIANGDU。GONGCHENGSHIMENSHENZHICHANGSHIZAIJIANZHUCAILIAOJIARUNAMICHUANGANQI,ZHEIYANGKEYIZAICAILIAOPOLIEHEKAILIEZHIQIANJIANCECHULAI。

  8、透明铝材   

  

  TOUMINGLVCAIKEYIXUYAOGENGXIAODENEIBUZHICHENGLAIJIANZAOGAOSONGDEBOLIMUQIANGMOTIANDALOU。

  JISHINIANLAI,HUAXUEGONGCHENGSHIMENGMEIYIQIUYIZHONGJIEHELEJINSHUDEQIANGDUHENAIJIUXINGDEYUBOLIBANTOULIANGDECAILIAO。ZHEIYANGYIZHONG“TOUMINGJINSHU”KEYIZAINEIBUZHICHENGGENGSHAOSHILAIJIANZAOGAOSONGDEBOLIMUQIANGMOTIANDALOU。JUNSHIJIANZHUKEYIANZHUANGZHEIZHONGBOERTOUMINGDEJINSHUCHUANGHUJINGSHOUQIZUIGAOJIDEPAOHUODEGONGJI。XIANGXIANGYIXIAYONGZHEIZHONGCAILIAOJIANZAOCHUDEJUDADESHUIZUGUANHUISHIYIFUZENYANGDEJINGXIANG!

  ZAOZAI1980NIANDAI,KEXUEJIAMENJIUKAISHISHIYANYIZHONGXINXINGYOULV、YANGHEDANHUNHEFENTIZHIDEDETAOCI。TAOCIJINGGUORECHULIHELENGQUEDEGUOCHENGDEDAODEYINGDUHENGAODEJINGTICAILIAO。TAMENJIANGHUNHELVFENZHIYUJUDADEYALIZHIXIA,ZAI2000℃GAOWENJIARESHUTIAN,ZUIHOUPAOGUANGSHENGCHANCHUTOUMINGRUBOLIYIBANYOUJIANJULVDEQIANGDUDEXINCAILIAO。ZHEIZHONGBEIRENWEISHITOUMINGLVCAIHUOZHEALONDETAIKONGCAILIAOYIJINGYONGYUJUNDUISHENGCHANZHUANGJIACHUANGHUHEGUANGXUETOUJING。

  7、透水混凝土   

  
  

  JIAODAKELIHEQUESHATOUSHUILIQINGCHANSHENGHENDUOXIANGHULIANTONGDEKONGXI,YUNXUSHUITONGGUODIBIAO,KEYIJIANSHAOYUSHUIJINGLIU。

  DANGBAOFENGYUXILAI,HUIYOUCHENGPIANDEYUSHUILUOXIALAI,JIAOLUODAOMALU、BIANDAOHETINGCHECHANGSHANG,CHONGSHUAQIDADIBIAOMIANDESUIXIEHEWURANWU,BAQIYOUZHEIXIEQIANZAIWEIXIANHUAXUEPINZHIJIECHONGDAOXIASHUIDAOHEXILIUZHONG。MEIGUOHUANJINGBAOHUSHUYIJINGQUERENCHENGSHIDIQUDEYUSHUIJINGLIUSHISHUIZHIWURANZHUYAOLAIYUAN。

  ZIRANYOUZIJIDEFANGSHI,CONGYUSHUIZHONGGUOLVYOUDUWUZHI。TURANGSHIYIGEJUDADEGUOLVQILVDIAOJINSHUHEQITAWUJIWUZHI。SUIZHEYUSHUIDEXIANGXIASHENTOUCHUANGUOTURANGCENG,WEISHENGWUHEZHIWUGENXIXISHOULEGUOLIANGDEHUAXUEWUZHI。LEJIEZHEIDIANHOU,GONGCHENGSHIMENCHUANGZAOCHULEYIZHONGXINXINGDETOUSHUIHUNNINGTU,TAKEYISHIYUSHUITOUGUODAOLUJINRUTURANG,RANGDAZIRANZUOTADEGUOLVGONGZUO。

  TOUSHUIHUNNINGTUYOUJIAODAKELIDEYANSHIHESHAZIZUCHENG,SHIDAOLUZHONGYOU15ZHI35%DEKAIFANGKONGXI。TOUSHUIHUNNINGTUDESHIBANPUSHEZAILISHIHUOQITADUOKONGJICAIZHISHANG,ZHEIYANGYUSHUIHUILIURUXIAMIANDETURANGZHONG。TOUSHUIHUNNINGTUSHITINGCHECHANGSHANGLIQINGDEYIGEHENHAODETIDAIPIN。TABUJINKEYIXIANZHUJIANSHAOJINGLIU,QIQIANYANDIAOHAIKEYIFANSHEYANGGUANG,ZAIXIATIANBAOCHILIANGSHUANG。

  6、气凝胶隔热材料  
  

  FANGZAIYINGHUASHANGDEQININGJIAOTANHAIMIAN,TABIHAIQIHAIQING,QUEKEYIXISHOUZIZHONG250-900BEIDEYOU。

  RUGUOMIKAILANGJILUOZHUMINGDEDALISHIDIAOXIANGDAWEISHIYOUQININGJIAOGOUCHENGDEHUA,TAJIANGZHIYOU2GONGJIN!QININGJIAOSHIDIQIUSHANGZUIDIMIDUDEWUZHIZHIYI,SHIYIZHONGPAOMOZHUANGGUTICAILIAO,JINGUANJIHUQINGRUKONGQIQUEBAOYOUGUDINGXINGZHUANG。YOUDEQININGJIAODEMIDUZHIYOUKONGQIDESANBEI,DANTONGCHANGQININGJIAOSHIKONGQIDE15BEIZHONG。

  NIKENENGHUIRENWEININGJIAOSHIRUFAJIAOYIBANSHISHIDEWUZHI。SHIJISHANGQININGJIAOSHITONGGUOPAICHUNINGJIAOZHONGDEYETIZHIDEDE。CHUQU99%DAO90%DEKONGQIYIWAI,SHENGXIADEZHISHIERYANGHUAGUIJIEGOU。QININGJIAOSHIJIHUMEIYOUZHONGLIANG,DANSHIKEYILAZHANGCHENGBOPIANQININGJIAOZHIWU。ZAIJIANSHEXIANGMUZHONG,QININGJIAOZHIWUJUYOU“CHAOQIANGGERE”DETEXING。QIDUOKONGJIEGOUSHIRELIANGHENNANTONGGUO。CESHIBIAOMINGQININGJIAOZHIWUDEGERENENGLISHICHUANTONGDEBOLIXIANWEIHUOPAOMOJUEYUANCAILIAODELIANGDAOSIBEI。YIDANJIAGESHIZHONG,TAJIUKEYIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUJIANZHU。

  5、温控反应瓷砖     

  YOUYUZHUOZIJUYOUWENDUKONGZHIBIAOMIAN,DANGREDEDONGXIFANGZAIZHUOZISHANGMIANSHI,ZHUOMIANJIUHUIBIANSE。

  RUJIN,YIJIAMINGWEIYIDONGYANSEDEGONGSISHENGCHANZHEYIZHONGBOLIZHUANGSHICIZHUAN,CIZHUANBIAOMIANTUFUYIZHONGREZHIBIANSERANLIAO,KEYIXIANG“HUOZHE”YIBANSUIBIAOMIANWENDUFASHENGBIANHUA。ZAISHIWENXIA,CIZHUANSHIYIGEGUANGHUADEHEISE,DANDANGNIJIECHUDAOCIZHUANHUOZHEYOUGUANGZHISHEHUOWENSHUIJIECHUSHI,CIZHUANYANSEJIUXIANGBEIJIGUANGYIYANGZHUANBIANCHENGCAIHONGBANDELANSE、LVSEHEFENHONGSE。ZUIKUDEYINGYONGYIDINGSHIBIANSEYUSHILE。

  4、机器人群体建筑   

  2014NIANZAIZHIJIAGEMEIGUOKEXUECUJINHUIDEHUIYISHANGHAFODAXUERENGONGZHINENGXUESHUYANJIUYUANKirstinPetersenYANSHILESHOUBAIYIQIFAERKAIFADEJIQIREN。

  ZIRANJIEZUIQIAOMIAODEJIANZHUZHEZHIYISHIBUQIYANDEBAIYI。TAYONGZHIYOUSHAZIYIBANDAXIAODEDANAO,YUCHENGQIANSHANGWANDETONGBAOMENYIQIGONGZUOJIANLIQIPANGDAFUZADENIBAJIEGOU。BAIYIYINQILEHAFODAXUEJIQIRENYANJIURENYUANDEZHUYI,YINWEIZHEIZHONGKUNCHONGBINGBUSHITINGQULAIZIYIXUEZHONGYANGDEMINGLING,MEIGEBAIYIZHISHIGENJUJIYINCHENGXUGUIDINGDEXINGWEIGONGZUO。ZHEIYIQUNZHUANYIDEGETIZAIYIQICHUANGZAOCHULEBUXIUDE“NISU”ZUOPIN。

  SHOUDAOBAIYIQIFA,HAFODAXUEZIZUZHIXITONGYANJIUXIAOZUDEYANJIURENYUANZUJIANLEXIAOXINGJIANZHUJIQIRENQUNTIJINXINGGONGZUO。SILUNJIQIRENKEYIZAIKONGDISHANGTONGGUOBANZHUAN、PAQIANGHEPUZHUANQICHUZHUANQIANG。TAMENYOUCHUANGANQILAIJIANCEQITAJIQIRENDECUNZAIBINGANGUIZEBICIHUBUGANRAODEGONGZUO。JIUXIANGBAIYIYIBAN,MEIYOUREN“KONGZHI”TAMEN,DANTAMENANZHAOCHENGXUQIXINXIEZUOBASHEJIBIANCHENGXIANSHI。

  XIANGXIANGYIXIAZHEIYANGDEYINGYONGCHANGJING:CHENGQUNDEJIQIRENYANZHEYANMEIHAIANXIANJIANZAODIBAQIANG;CHENGQIANSHANGWANDEWEIXINGJIQIRENZAIHUOXINGSHANGJIANZAOCHUKONGJIANZHAN,HUOZHESHENHAIDITIANRANQIGUANDAOBEIHAILICHENGQUNYOUDANGDEJIQIRENZUZHUANGWANCHENG。LEISIDECHANGSHISHIYONGYIQUNZIZHUFEIXINGJIQIRENYONGLAIGOUJIANYIGEQIAOMIAOQIFUDEZHUANTA。

  3、3D打印房屋  
  

  MAYIHEZHANSHITAGONGSIZAISHANGHAIJIANZAODEFANGWUDE3DDAYINQIANGTI。TADEGONGSIJIHUAYITIANJIANZAOSHICHUANGZHEIYANGDEFANGWU。

  3DDAYINZHONGYUBIANCHENGLEZHULIU。YIJIAHELANJIANZHUGONGSIYIJINGQIDONGLEYIXIANGXIONGXINBOBODEGONGGONGYISHUXIANGMULAIJIANZAOYICHUANG3DDAYINDEFANGZI。DANSHOUXIANTAMENBIXUJIANLIQIYIGESHIJIESHANGZUIDADE3DDAYINJI,CHENGWEIFANGWUZHIZAOZHE。TASHIYONGSULIAOWEIYUANLIAO,KEYIDAYINCHUXIANGLEGAOJIMUYIYANGDEDASULIAOZUJIAN,ZHIHOUJIANGQIZUZHUANGCHENGDAFANGZIDEGEGEFANGJIAN。ZAIYICIXIANGLEGAOJIMUYIYANG,BAGEFANGJIANGUDINGZAIYIQI,JIASHANGDAYINCHENGXINGDEWAIBUSHEJISHIFANGWUKANQILAIXIANGCHUANTONGDEHELANSHIBANGSHUIXIAOZHAI。

  TONGSHI,YIJIAZHONGGUOJIANZHUQIYEYEZAISHIYONGJUDADE3DDAYINJIJIANZAOFANGWU。ZHEIGEJUDADE3DDAYINJINENGPENTUSHUINICENGHEJIANZHUFEILIAOLAIZUZHUANGDEFANGWU。ZHEIJIAJIANZHUGONGSIJIESHAOSHUOFANGZIJIANGHUAFEIBUDAO5000MEIYUAN,ERQIETAYITIANKEYICHANSHENGDUODA10TAOZHEIYANGDEFANGWU。

  

  2、智能公路  

  RUGUOWOMENFAMINGCHUKEYIJIXINNENGYUANQICHEWUXIANCHONGDIANDEDAOLU,NEIWOMENJIUBUZAIXUYAOPUMANTAIYANGNENGDIANCHIBANDEQICHELE。

  YIXIANGZUILINGRENXINGFENDEXINXIANGFASHIDAOLUKEYIZUOWEIDIANDONGCHEDECHONGDIANQI。YIJIAXINXILANGONGSIYIJINGJIANCHENGYIGEDAXING“NENGYUANDIAN”,KEYIJITINGZHEDEDIANDONGCHEWUXIANCHONGDIAN。XIAYIBUJIUSHIJIANGWUXIANCHONGDIANJISHUQIANRUDAOSHIJILUMIANLI,ZHEIYANGDIANDONGQICHEKEYIZAIXINGJINZHONGCHONGDIAN,ERBUHUIZAIXUYAOCHONGDIANZHAN!

  QITAYOUQUDEXIANGFAYEKENENGZAIJIANGLAISHIXIAN,BIRULUMIANXISHOUYANGGUANGFADIAN,HUOZHEGENGKUDESHIBAYADIANCAILIAOQIANRUDAOLU,BUZHUOGUOWANGCHELIANGDEZHENDONGNENG,BINGJIANGQIZHUANHUANWEIKEYONGDENENGYUAN。

  1、CO2建筑 
  

 

  BAOYUDEYINGQIAOQIFALEMITDEYANJIURENYUANBABAOYUYONGLAIKUANGHUACO₂JIANZHUZISHENWAIQIAODEMEIFENLICHULAI。MOUYITIANWOMENHUOXUKEYILIYONGCO₂LAISHENGCHANTANZHUAN。

  YOUFADIANCHANGHEJIDONGCHEPAIFANGCHUDEERYANGHUATANSHIRENZAOWENSHIQITIDEZUIDALAIYUAN。MEINIAN,WOMENPAICHUCHAOGUO300YIGONGDUNDECO₂DAODAQIZHONG,JIASULEQUANQIUBIANNUANDEWEIHAI。ZAINENGYUANXINGYEJINXINGZHEDEYOUBUHUO“FENGCUN”ERYANGHUATANJINXINGDIXIAPAIFANGDESHIYANDETONGSHI,YIZUMASHENGLIGONGXUEYUANDEYANJIURENYUANYIJINGCHENGGONGDILIYONGZHUANJIYINJIAOMUJIANGCO₂QITIZHUANHUAWEILEGUTITANJIJIANZHUCAILIAO。

  
  

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